Ratu Boko Palace
Ratu Boko is an archaeological site of a complex of buildings located approximately 3 km south of Prambanan Temple complex, about 18 km east of Yogyakarta city of Indonesia. The Ratu Baka sites is situated on a hill at an altitude of 196 meters above sea level. The total area of the complex is about 25 ha. This site displays attributes as a place of activity or a residential site, but the exact function is not known clearly until now.
Ratu Boko is estimated have been used by people in the 8th century during the reign of Rakai Panangkaran king of Medang kingdom or Mataram Hindu of the House of Sailendra. From the pattern of the remaining buildings laying, allegedly this site was former king’s palace. This opinion is based on the fact that this complex is not a temple or a building with a religious purpose, but a fortified palace with evidence of the remains of fortified walls and dry trenches as a defense structure. The Remnants of settlements are also found around the site. This site is nominated to UNESCO to become a World Heritage Site since 1995.
The name “Ratu Baka” comes from the legend of the local community. Ratu Baka (Javanese, literal meaning: “King of Stork”) is the father of Roro Jonggrang, which is also the name of the main temple at Prambanan Temple complex. This building complex is associated with local folklore about the story of Roro Jonggrang.